Common Types Of Cockroach

There are thousands of species of cockroaches but there are only a handful that you will encounter in your home or commercial space. Below, we will discuss the four most common cockroach species found in homes, apartments, and commercial buildings. Other cockroach species found in America typically prefer the outdoors as opposed to the warmth and comfort that your home can provide.

German Cockroach

The German cockroach is the most common household roach and can grow to about ⅗ of an inch long. When we get a call for cockroach control services in Sacramento, more often than not we encounter German cockroaches. Roughly the shape of an almond, these light brown roaches lay more eggs than any other roach species. They like to hide in warm, humid areas and are often found in the bathroom or kitchen where there is a source of food. They are identifiable by two black stripes behind the head. These insects rarely fly even though they have functioning wings.

American Cockroach

The American cockroach is the largest of the nuisance roaches that might show up in your home, growing to just over two inches in length. These insects are reddish-brown and capable of flying for short distances. Of the roaches in this section, American roaches have the longest life span by double, living up to two years. As fast breeders with a long lifespan, it is important to seek out cockroach pest control to get a handle on the situation.

Oriental Cockroach

The Oriental cockroach grows to about an inch in length, though the females are typically bigger than the males. Neither sex is capable of flight so if you see a roach flying, you can rule out this one. Oriental cockroaches are dark brown to black in color and have a shiny exoskeleton. These cockroaches like to hang out in sewers and crawl spaces and will occasionally make their way inside.

Brown-Banded Cockroach

While the other roaches on this list like dark and humid places and often hide under appliances, the brown-banded roach prefers high and dry areas, such as kitchen cabinets. True to their name, this roach is recognizable by having light brown bands across their wings. While both males and females have wings, only the males can fly. Keep in mind, this species jumps when they are frightened. Don’t be alarmed if one lands on you; as the other roaches on this list, brown-banded cockroaches don’t bite.  Having a professional pest control technician inspect your pest infestation is important because we might offer a different method of cockroach control for the brown-banded roach as opposed to the floor-dwelling roaches.

The Cockroach Life Cycle

Cockroaches have three distinct stages of life including egg, nymph, and adult. Depending on the species, some cockroach mothers carry their eggs in a case called an ootheca on their abdomen while others deposit their eggs in a safe location.

The eggs will typically hatch in about 4 weeks, give or take some time depending on the species. Nymphs emerge from the eggs and will continue to grow into their adult form over the course of several months.

One of the reasons why cockroaches are so difficult to get rid of is that an adult female only needs to mate once in order to produce fertilized eggs for their lifetime. So if even one previously-mated female survives the cockroach extermination, they can still come back with a vengeance.

While cockroaches do not have an organized colony system like bees and ants, they do tend to nest in close quarters. This means that you might notice signs of infestation, which we will discuss below, in one area of your home.

Cockroaches And Diseases

Cockroaches are associated with dirty, urban environments. Most people will experience a roach problem at some point in their lives and it is important to know not only how to handle a cockroach infestation, but also to understand the risks of cockroaches.

Cockroaches are most often found in dirty environments. Because they’ll eat just about anything, including rotten food, they often carry germs, bacteria, and other pathogens that can transfer to humans. This transfer usually occurs due to contact with the feces or urine of cockroaches while cleaning or by eating food they have contaminated.

The diseases cockroaches are known to indirectly spread include, but are not limited to, salmonella, typhoid fever, cholera, dysentery, the plague, and the bacteria that can cause strep throat and staph infections. This information alone is enough to make anyone call their Sacramento cockroach control specialist to take care of the problem before someone gets sick.

In addition to spreading diseases, cockroach infestations have been known to trigger asthma attacks in affected individuals as well as cause allergic reactions. In fact, if you or your children have asthma and have been experiencing more frequent asthma attacks, it could be a good idea to have a Sacramento pest control specialist inspect for cockroaches.

Boozy Pests

Cockroaches are surprisingly attracted to alcohol, especially beer. This is likely due to a combination of the sugar, hops, and other ingredients in the brewed beverage. Unfortunately, beer is often spilled and ignored during football games or social gatherings. If you suspect you might have a cockroach problem, it is extra important to clean up any spilled booze so that you don’t attract more roaches!

Preventing Cockroaches

While getting rid of cockroaches can be difficult after an infestation arises, preventing them is relatively easy, though not foolproof. Take a look at the cockroach prevention tips below to reduce the likelihood that roaches will invade your home or commercial space.

  • Clean, clean, and clean again. Cockroaches will eat just about anything from rotting food to pet hair to grease. So when we say that a clean house can prevent cockroaches, we mean really clean. If your home is crumb- and mess-free from top to bottom, including in cracks and under appliances, you should have no problems with roaches. However, this is much easier said than done. Getting into the habit of cleaning the kitchen floors, counter tops, and dishes regularly is a great place to start in cockroach prevention.
  • Keep food stored tightly. Food should be stored in sealed containers that roaches can’t chew through such as hard plastic or glass. This includes both human food and pet food.
  • Take out the trash. If your counters and floors are clean, roaches will still sniff out something tasty in your trash. Make sure to not only take the trash out regularly, but also wipe down the inside and outside of your trash can with a disinfectant whenever you take the bag out. Along these lines, make sure your trash can has a tight-fitting lid.
  • Seal up cracks, crevices, gaps, and any other openings that rodents will love. As your Sacramento pest control company, we can perform a thorough inspection to help you find these entry points.

Signs Of A Cockroach Infestation

Cockroaches are most active at night and are great at hiding during the day. As we mentioned before, they are one of the fastest animals on earth per their size. They can dash under the refrigerator in an instant, leaving you to wonder if you actually just saw a cockroach or if it was all in your imagination.

Once a cockroach infestation begins, it is likely to grow quickly as pheromones in the cockroach’s waste will attract more roaches to the area. If you see one cockroach, you can bet that there are many more where that came from. Below, we’ve listed some other common signs that might indicate a cockroach problem. The best way to know if you’re going to need our Sacramento cockroach control services is to give us a call and request an inspection if you notice any of the following signs.

  • Bad smell: Cockroach infestations, depending on their size, can cause a foul odor that lingers in the home. It might be stronger in the kitchen, basement, or bathroom where cockroaches like to hide.
  • Cockroach droppings and smear marks: Cockroach droppings are about 2mm long and look like tiny dark brown rice grains or pepper grains. If you are sweeping the kitchen or bathroom floor and notice your dust pile has an unusual amount of brown particles in it, get a closer look to see if you actually just swept up a bunch of roach droppings.

Roaches can also leave what are known as smear marks. Considering that we put this in the same category as ‘droppings’ you can likely guess what smear marks are. When roaches have an abundance of water, their waste is more liquid than solid which can result in dark brown smears across horizontal surfaces like floors and counters.

  • Shed skins: Cockroaches in the nymph stage will shed their skin multiple times as they grow. You might notice light-colored, semi-transparent cockroach skins around the home. These are most often found near the nesting area and finding a collection of these can indicate where a majority of the roaches are hiding.

Controlling Cockroaches

There are several ways to control cockroaches. Even though they can withstand high amounts of radiation, like most bugs, cockroaches will fall victim to insecticides. Cockroach insecticides are available in liquid aerosols or sprays as well as solid baits and dust. If performing DIY pest control services for cockroaches, be extremely careful with the insecticides you use, especially if you have pets or children as certain insecticides can be toxic if consumed.

The best thing to do if you notice a cockroach infestation is to call your local pest control company in Sacramento. Our team will perform a thorough inspection to find nesting areas as well as determine steps you can take to make your home or commercial property less appealing to cockroaches. This form of cockroach control can range from proper food storage to sealing up cracks and crevices. Your pest management expert can walk you through all of this and answer any questions you have about cockroach pest control.

Choose The Best Cockroach Control Specialists In Sacramento

At Earthwise, we use a method of pest control called Integrated Pest Management (IPM). This process involves not only getting rid of current infestations but also finding the ‘how’ and the ‘why’ behind the infestation. By identifying these qualifiers, we can create an action plan to prevent future infestations. If you only use insecticides to kill off an existing infestation and do nothing else, it is only a matter of time before more of the insects come back — and that’s probably the last thing you want!

With IPM, we do our best to limit our use of pesticides (that’s where the name Earthwise comes in!). We know that pesticides, insecticides, and rodenticides are not good for the environment or for people, so we use these products sparingly so we can protect you and your family from pests as well as chemicals.

We’d love to help you get control over your cockroach or other pest problem! Give us a call or fill out our contact form to get started with Earthwise Pest Management today!